A relação entre obesidade, hérnia hiatal e suas complicações / The relationship between obesity, hiatal hernia and its complications

Túlio Tobias França, Carlos Eduardo Melo Soares, Danty Ribeiro Nunes, Gabrielle Augusta Bastos Chaves, Marilene Rivany Nunes

Abstract


Trata-se de uma revisão integrativa com o objetivo de relacionar a obesidade como fator causal/ de risco para hérnia de hiato e suas complicações. Foi realizado o cruzamento dos descritores “obesity”; “hiatus hernia”; “gastroesophageal reflux disease”; “complications”; nas seguintes bases de dados: National Library of Medicine (PubMed MEDLINE), Scientific Electronic Library Online (Scielo), Google Scholar, Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde (BVS) e EBSCO Information Services, publicados no período entre 2013 a 2021. Obteve-se 41 artigos, desses foram excluídos 25 por não contemplarem a temática proposta. Assim a amostra constitui de 16 artigos que descreveram como a obesidade está relacionada com o aumento de frequência de doenças gastrointestinais, pontuando que obesos tem uma maior prevalência de hérnia hiatal, que esta diretamente relacionada ao refluxo gastroesofágico. O excesso de peso está associado ao aumento da pressão intra-abdominal, o que consequentemente, aumenta o gradiente de pressão gastroesofágico, a pressão intragástrica e a chance de se desenvolver hérnia hiatal.


Keywords


obesidade, hérnia hiatal, doença do refluxo gastroesofágico, complicações.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.34115/basrv6n3-003

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