Ubicación de sistemas fotovoltaicos en la red de distribución de corriente continua en medio voltaje considerando edificaciones inteligentes y estaciones de carga de vehículos eléctricos / Localização de sistemas fotovoltaicos na rede de distribuição de corrente contínua em média tensão considerando edifícios inteligentes e estações de carregamento de veículos elétricos

Edgar Pilatasig, Alex Valenzuela

Abstract


El presente artículo se enfoca en la ubicación óptima de Generación Distribuida (GD) del tipo fotovoltaico, en un sistema de distribución de 33 nodos de la IEEE. El emplazamiento de GD se realizó considerando el estudio del sistema mediante análisis de flujos de potencia, obteniendo como resultados los valores de potencia, pérdidas y voltajes en por unidad de los nodos del sistema, siendo así que se tienen nodos críticos, los cuales se encuentran por debajo de un rango tolerable de operación. En este contexto, se contempla la óptima ubicación de generación basada en Algoritmo Genético (AG), el cual realiza la búsqueda de los nodos donde se colocará GD de tipo fotovoltaico considerando restricciones técnicas. La aplicación del algoritmo genético también determina la potencia óptima de los sistemas fotovoltaicos. Finalmente, se realiza la comparación del funcionamiento del sistema cuando opera con y sin generación distribuida. Como resultados se tiene la mejora de los perfiles de voltaje del sistema y disminución de pérdidas en el sistema.


Keywords


algoritmo genético, generación distribuida, mvdc, optimización, red de distribución.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.34115/basrv6n3-016

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