Organoleptic characteristics of the classification of carcasses from bovine cattle in the tropics of veracruzano / Características organolepticas de la clasificación de canales procedentes de ganado bovino en el tropico veracruzano

Amalia Cabrera Núñez, Miguel Angel Lammoglia Villagomez, María Rebeca Rojas Ronquillo, César Enrique Martínez Sánchez, Flor María Montero Solís, Daniel Sokani Sánchez Montes, Jorge Luis Chagoya Fuentes

Resumo


This research work was carried out in a municipal trail (TIF) in the North of Veracruz, Mexico, with the aim of physically analyzing the quality of beef. A sample of 90 male cattle, which were divided into the following groups:   F1  pure Brahman  (n=30), F2 Brahman Crossses/ Holstein (n=30) y  F3 Brahman Crosses/ Brown Swiis (n=30), male cattle was used at 24 months of age. They received the same management and a food ration based on harinoline, soybean paste, grain corn, grain sage and a mixture of vitamins-minerals, which was offered to 3.5.0% (NRC, 2000) fresh water and forage to free access, averaging the 350 kg completed in intensive corral for slaughter during the 60 days of the experiment. The variables analyzed were: flesh color, fat color, marbling and texture. The results were evaluated through the STADISTIC programme, showing generally that cuts of meat from young uncastrated males with two years of age presented category A, characterized by white fat, with a deep red color, soft texture and abundant marbling in a rating of 11 and 12. Noting that young animals showed the best physical qualities in beef.                            


Palavras-chave


meat, cattle, color, age, fat, tropics.

Texto completo:

PDF

Referências


-Bartel H. S. 2004. Veterinary Inspection of Meat. Editorial Acribia S.A. Saragossa Spain. Pp. 78-90.

-BIF.2002. Guidelines for uniform beef improvement programs. 8th Ed. Beef Improvement Federation. Athens, GA, USA.pp: 27-31.

-Boles, J.A. y J.E. Swan. 2002. Processing and sensory characteristics of cooked roast beef: effect of breed, age, gender and storage conditions. Meat Science 62: 419-427.

-Boleman, S.L., S.J. Boleman, W.W. Morgan, D.S. Hale, D.B. Griffin, J.W. Savell, R.P. Ames, M.T. Smith, J.D. Tatum,T.G. Field, G.C. Smith, B.A. Gardner, J.B. Morgan, S.L.Northcutt, H.G. Dolezal, D.R. Gill y F.K. Ray. 1998. National Beef Quality Audit-1995: survey of producer-related defects and carcass. J. Anim. Sci. 76:96-103.

-Bosselmann, A., C. Moller, H. Steinhart, M. Kirchgessner y F. J. Schwarz. 1995.Pyridinoline cross-links in bovine muscle collagen. J. Food Sci. 60: 5 Tume, R. K., y A. Yang. 1996. Fat color in beef. Meat Focus International.March. 81.

-Huerta‐Leidenz N., y G. Rios. 1993. Castration of cattle at different stages of their growth. I. Effects on productive behavior. A review. Journal of the Faculty of Agronomy (LUZ) 10: 87‐115.

-Lawrie, R. A. 1998. Meat Science. 3rd Ed. Edit. Acribia. Saragossa, Spain. Pp. 165-187.

-López de Torre, B.M. Carballo G, A. Madrid V. 2001. Technology of meat and meat products, AMV Ediciones, first edition, Madrid Spain. pp. 56-93

-Lorenzen, C.L., D.S. Hale, D.B. Griffin, J.W. Savell, K.E.Belk, T.L. Frederick, M.F. Miller, T.H. Montgomery y G.C. Smith.1993. National beef quality audit: survey of producer-related defects and carcass quality and quantity attributes. J. Anim. Sci. 71:1495-1502.

-McKenna, D.R., D.L. Robert, P.K. Bates, T.B. Schmidt, D.S. Hale, D.B. Griffin, J.W. Savell, J.C. Brooks, J.B. Morgan,T.H. Montgomery, K.E. Belk y G.C. Smith. 2002. National beef quality audit-2000: survey of targeted cattle and carcass related to quality, quantity, and value of fed steers and heifers characteristics. J. Anim. Sci. 80:1212-1222.

-Miguel, E., F. Ruíz de Huidobro, M. T. Díaz, S. Velasco, S. Lauzurica, C. Pérez,Onega, E. Blázquez y V. Cañeque. 2003. Methods of carcass classification based on subjective assessments of carcass fatness and of carcass conformation: effect of sex on the prediction of tissue composition in carcass of sucking lambs. Animal Science 77:383-393.

-Montgomery, T. H., P. F. Dew y T. D. Keller. 2000. Comparison of cattle grading and reward systems used for some selected beef producing and consuming nations. VIII International Congress of Animal Nutrition. Chihuahua, Chih. Mexico, pp 38

-NOM-030-ZOO-1995. Specifications and procedures for the verification of meat carcasses, viscera, offal imported at animal health verification points. Official Journal of the Federation.

-NMX-FF-078-SCFI-2002. Classification of cattle carcasses. Official Journal of the Federation.

-NMX-FF-078-1991. Livestock products - beef carcass - Classification. Declaration of validity published in the Official Gazette of the Federation on September 18, 1991.

-Realini, C. E., S. K. Duckett, G. W. Brito, M. D. Rizza, D. De Mattos. 2004. Effect of pasture vs. concentrate feeding with or without antioxidants on carcass characteristics, fatty acid composition, and quality of Uruguayan beef. Meat Science 66:567-577.

-Rodríguez‐Voigt A., E. Noguera, H.L. Rodriguez, N.O. Huerta‐Leidenz, O. Moron‐ Fuenmayor, Y E. Rincon‐Urdaneta. 1997. Crossbreeding dual‐purpose cattle for beef production in tropical regions. Meat Science 47 (3/4): 177‐185.

-Vaca R.J.L., Y Ch.R.R. Carreon. 2004. Carcass yield in Creole cattle from the Bolivian Chaco (Camiri, Cordillera-Santa Cruz Province-Bolivia) Veterinaria (Montevideo). 39 (155-156): 21-26.

-Whipple, G. Koohmaraie, M. Dikeman, M. E., J. D. Crouse, M. C. Hunt, y R. D. Klemm. 1990. Evaluation of atributes that affect longissimus muscle tenderness in Bos taurus and Bos indicus Cattle. J. Anim. Sci. 68:2716-2728.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.34188/bjaerv5n2-062

Apontamentos

  • Não há apontamentos.