Ocorrência de Ansiedade e Depressão em Pacientes com Síndrome do Intestino Irritável: Revisão Sistemática com Meta-análise / Occurrence of Anxiety and Depression in Patients with Irritable Bowel Syndrome: Systematic Review with Meta-analysis

Jocélia Paula Rocha Cavalcante, Renatta Pereira Barbosa Damasceno, Eneida Cantuária de Freitas, Gilberlândio Roseno Oliveira, Paulo Alex Neves da Silva, Lucas Candido Gonçalves Barbosa, Xisto Sena Passos, Aline Corado Gomes

Abstract


Objetivo – correlacionar a Síndrome do Intestino Irritável (SII) com as desordens neurológicas de ansiedade e depressão. Métodos – Foram incluídos estudos do tipo caso-controle em humanos publicados no período de 1999 a 2021. Os dados coletados foram: local onde o estudo foi realizado, autor, ano de publicação, número total de casos e controles, número de indivíduos com SII e número de indivíduos com ansiedade e depressão. Resultados – Para a meta-análise foram selecionados 10 estudos, incluindo um total de 25.466 pacientes assim distribuídos: 5.747 pacientes com a SII, como grupo caso, e 19.719 pacientes como grupo controle. Sendo que dos pacientes com SII, 1.005 (17,49%) desenvolveram ansiedade e depressão enquanto no grupo controle foram 886 pacientes (4,49%), os sexos e idades foram similares em ambos os grupos. Conclusão – Os indivíduos com Síndrome do Intestino Irritável possem maiores chances de desenvolver ansiedade e depressão do que os indivíduos sem Síndrome do Intestino Irritável ou saudáveis.


Keywords


Ansiedade, Depressão, Síndrome do Intestino Irritável.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.34119/bjhrv5n1-034

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