O manejo cirúrgico da artroplasia total de joelho / The surgical management of total knee arthroplasia

Karinne Nancy Sena Rocha, Matheus Frota Oliveira Souto, Eduardo Vinicius Alves Azevedo, Carolina Pinheiro de Castro Alvos, Víctor Augusto de Souza Nébias, Juliana Menezes Morais, Eduardo de Oliveira Azevedo, Laura Cristina Ribeiro Cangue, João Pedro Spanier

Abstract


A artroplastia total do joelho (ATJ), é um dos procedimentos ortopédicos mais comumente realizados. A ATJ consiste na ressecção das superfícies articulares doentes do joelho, seguida de recapeamento com componentes de metal e próteses de polietileno, para o paciente devidamente selecionado, o procedimento resulta em significativo alívio da dor, bem como melhora da função e da qualidade de vida. Apesar dos benefícios potenciais da ATJ, ela geralmente é realizada de forma eletiva e só deve ser considerada após o esgotamento das terapias não cirúrgicas adequadas. A artroplastia total do joelho, consiste na ressecção das superfícies articulares doentes do joelho, seguida de recapeamento com componentes protéticos de metal e polietileno. O procedimento resulta em significativo alívio da dor, bem como melhora da função e da qualidade de vida, a indicação mais comum para ATJ é associada à osteoartrite do joelho em pacientes que não tiveram sucesso com os tratamentos não operatórios. 


Keywords


Cirurgia, Artroplasia, Joelho, Tratamento.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.34119/bjhrv5n1-030

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