Associação entre obesidade e os níveis séricos de vitamina D / Association between obesity and serum vitamin D levels

Meyling Belchior de Sá Menezes, Meylane Belchior de Sá Menezes, Tatiana Martins Araújo Ribeiro, Quézia Silva Baleeiro, Isadora Pinheiro Urquieta, Luana Martins Araújo Ribeiro, Nathalia Costa Macedo Noronha, Josilda Ferreira Cruz

Abstract


Introdução: A obesidade é caracterizada como um excesso de gordura corporal, com causa multifatorial relacionada ao sedentarismo e a questões poligenéticas e acomete 13% da parcela populacional adulta. A deficiência de vitamina D também é uma problemática mundial, sendo a realidade de cerca de 30 a 60% desta população. A relação entre a deficiência de vitamina D e a obesidade e os mecanismos fisiopatológicos subjacentes vem sendo alvo de maior investigação na literatura científica da última década. Objetivo: Avaliar a associação entre a obesidade e os níveis séricos de vitamina D. Métodos: Estudo clínico, transversal e do tipo survey, com coleta de dados em uma clínica no município de Aracaju-SE. O processo de coleta de dados foi dividido em 3 etapas e os dados obtidos foram compilados no programa Microsoft Office Excel versão 2016. Resultados: Foram avaliadas 76 pessoas com idade mínima de 19 anos e máxima de 85 anos, apresentando uma idade média de 41,3 anos. A maioria dos pacientes era do sexo feminino (69,7%). Verificou-se que a média de Índice de Massa Corpórea (IMC) foi de 28,6kg/m2, de circunferência da cintura de 92,5 cm, de circunferência do quadril de 104,0 cm e de relação cintura-quadril (RC/Q) foi 0,88. Conclusão: Houve correlação estatisticamente significativa entre os níveis de vitamina D e RC/Q com correlação de Spearman positiva. Já o peso, a circunferência da cintura e o IMC não tiveram uma associação estatisticamente significativa com a vitamina D sérica.


Keywords


obesidade, vitamina d, dados antropométricos.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.34119/bjhrv5n3-120

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