Oral squamous cell carcinoma in young people with human papilomavirus / Carcinoma de Células Escamosas oral em pessoas jovens com papilomavírus humano

Carolina Medeiros Vieira, Emanuelly Botelho Rocha Mota, Luís Antônio Nogueira dos Santos, Michele Versiani e Silva

Abstract


Introduction: The growth of oral squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) in positive human papillomavirus (HPV) patients is observed. The epidemiological profile is: young men, non-smokers and non-alcoholics. This is attributed to changes in promiscuous sexual practice. Objective: To understand HPV carcinogenesis, epidemiological and preventive implications. Methods: An integrative review of the literature was carried out in March 2018 in the PubMed and Science Direct databases. The descriptors used were: SCC, Young, HPV and Staging, combined by the AND modulator. Inclusion criteria were articles published in the last 10 years, related to the thematic and in the English, Portuguese and Spanish languages. In the PubMed were found 75 articles, after the application of the inclusion criteria were selected 64 articles for study. In the Science Direct were found 8 articles, after applying the selection criteria was selected 1 article for analysis. Results: HPV subtypes 16 and 18 are the most virulent. HPV is carcinogenic through the E6 and E7 genes. E6 inactivates the tumor suppressor gene p53. E7 inactivates the tumor suppressor gene pRb, resulting in overexpression of the p16 tumor suppressor protein that is associated with a better prognosis. The impact of TNM staging changed over time, the effect of N staging on mortality reduced, while the impact of T staging increased. Conclusion: Protected sexual practice and vaccination are efficient measures for the control of SCC, HPV positive. Therefore, the campaigns should be extended to the male audience. In addition, the staging of the disease should be updated for a better prognosis.


Keywords


squamous cell carcinoma, young, human papillomavirus and staging.

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.34119/bjhrv5n3-189

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