Pandemia de COVID-19 e as sequelas em indivíduos infectados que evoluíram para a cura: uma revisão integrativa / COVID-19 pandemic and sequels in infected individuals who evolved to cure: an integrative review

Gisele Aparecida Soares Cunha de Souza, Cleiciainara Bagio Lovo, Alice de Matos Ferreira, Jhonatas Igor Portela Gois, Gabriel Ramos Kurudez, Ariel de Barba, Nathalia Halax Orfão, Christian Collins Kuehn

Abstract


Introdução: A infecção pelo vírus SARS-CoV-2 iniciada em dezembro de 2019, na cidade Wuhan, na China, se espalhou pelo globo rapidamente e, apesar de mais de 6 milhões de mortes, muitos casos evoluíram para a cura, os quais permaneceram apresentando diversos sinais e sintomas. Objetivo: Caracterizar os sinais e sintomas persistentes das sequelas da Covid-19 em pessoas infectadas que evoluíram para cura. Metodologia: Trata-se de uma revisão integrativa da literatura realizada a partir da pergunta norteadora “Como a literatura tem abordado os sinais e sintomas persistentes das sequelas da Covid-19 em pessoas infectadas pelo SARS-CoV-2 que evoluíram para a cura?” nas bases de dados da Literatura Latino-Americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde (LILACS), Medical LiteraturyAnalysisandretrieval System Online/ PubMed (MEDLINE) e EMBASE (Elsevier). Como critério de inclusão utilizou-se artigos primários, publicados no período entre 2020 e 2021, idiomas português, inglês e espanhol; e foram excluídos, os estudos duplicados, revisões, cartas, declarações, recomendações, comentários e editoriais. Resultados: Embora tenha sido identificado o acometimento nos diferentes órgãos e sistemas, verificou-se predomínio de sequelas no sistema nervoso central (insônia, parestesia e visão turva), respiratório (fadiga), cardiovascular (arritmia), gastrointestinal (diarreia e vômito) e musculoesquelético e dermatológico (mialgia e alopecia).Conclusão: O acompanhamento longitudinal dos casos de Covid-19 curados pode auxiliar na compreensão do mecanismo de ação do vírus, além do planejamento de ações estratégicas para diminuir a gravidade das sequelas e, consequentemente, melhorar a qualidade de vida daqueles que foram infectados

Keywords


Covid-19,pandemia, cura, sequelas.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.34119/bjhrv5n3-204

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