Effects of high intensity physical training in patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary disease in a Pulmonary Rehabilitation Program / Efeitos do treino físico de alta intensidade em doentes com doença pulmonar obstrutiva crónica num Programa de Reabilitação Pulmonar

Priscila Kessar Cordoni, Vivian Taciana Simioni Santana, Leandro Nobeschi, Selma Denis Squassoni, Juliana Kessar Cordoni, Cecilia Melo Rosa Tavares, Monica S. Lapa, Elie Fiss

Abstract


Objective: To evaluate the effect of high intensity physical training on a supervised Pulmonary Rehabilitation Program (PRP) in patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). Methods: Interventional study with 30 patients with COPD, randomly divided into 2 groups: Control Group (CG) submitted to physical training of a traditional PRP and Experimental Group (EG) with bodybuilders with duration of 30 sessions in days alternates. All submitted to pre and post-intervention evaluation with the following variables: (I) pulse oximetry (SpO2); (II) 6 'walk test (6MWT); (III) Saint George's Quality of Life Questionnaire (SGRQ); (IV) DPOC assessment test (CAT); (V) cardiopulmonary exercise test; and (VI) 1 maximal repetition test (MRI). Results: Pre and post-intervention values were compared and the GE group presented a significant difference in the following parameters: increase 30.53 meters in the distance covered (p 0.021) improvement in all scores: CAT score for 12 points (p < 0.001), Score Saint George from 27 to 19 points (p 0.005), and in the improvement of the maximum physical capacity with increase 14 to 18 of (VO2 (%) (p 0.007) and 0,87 to 1,12 VO2 (L/min) (p 0.01) Conclusions: There was a significant improvement in exercise capacity and quality of life of the GE group, suggesting that high intensity physical training is the most efficient alternative in the treatment of patients with moderate COPD will be severe.


Keywords


pulmonary rehabilitation program (prp), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (copd), physical training, cardiopulmonary exercise test quality of life.

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.34119/bjhrv5n3-272

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