Efeitos da ventilação mecânica não-invasiva sobre a taxa de reitubação de pacientes com insuficiência respiratória aguda / Effects of non-invasive mechanical ventilation on the reitubation rate of patients with acute respiratory failure

Larissa Karen Pereira Santos, Raquel Gava Tozzi, Neide Garcia Ribeiro, Ledne Luiz Dalla Rosa, Valério Bortolini, Egberto Luiz Felicio Junior, Haroldo Júnior Bianchini Moreno, Dierry Weliton Jacob Poche

Abstract


A insuficiência respiratória aguda tem como desfechos mais significativos: os desbalanços dos parâmetros vitais e respiratórios e frequentemente os pacientes apresentam falhas na reitubação. Para isso, as estratégias de intervenção com a Ventilação Mecânica Não-Invasiva (VNI) vem sendo pesquisadas e utilizadas para a melhora desses desfechos. O presente estudo tem como objetivo verificar os efeitos da VNI sobre a taxa de reitubação e demais parâmetros vitais em pacientes com insuficiência respiratória aguda. Para isso, foi realizada uma revisão bibliográfica integrativa com artigos indexados no Pubmed, publicados entre 2012 e 2022 e de ensaio clínico randomizado. Inicialmente houveram 536 artigos encontrados, mas com a aplicação dos critérios de desenvolvimento da pesquisa, 11 artigos foram incluídos na amostra final. Os resultados obtidos a partir dos estudos individuais incluídos apontam que as intervenções com a VNI podem produzir desfechos significativamente importantes para pacientes em insuficiência respiratória aguda, havendo, por conseguinte, desfechos significativos para a redução da taxa de reintubação, seguido pela redução da taxa de mortalidade, redução da pressão parcial de carbono e frequência respiratória.


Keywords


ventilação mecânica, insuficiência respiratória, intubação.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.34119/bjhrv5n3-279

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