Oral Health-Related Quality of life and its association with malocclusion and self-perception of dental aesthetics in Adolescents / Qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde bucal e sua associação com má oclusão e autopercepção da estética dentária em adolescentes

Fabrícia Soares Rodrigues, Sérgio Soares da Silva, Aline Cavalcanti da Silva, Maria Carlla Aroucha Lyra, Mariana Araújo Coutinho da Silveira, Aronita Rosenblatt, Nicola Patrícia Théresè Innes, Monica Vilela Heimer

Abstract


Introduction: Studies have shown that malocclusions can have a negative impact on the quality of life and self-esteem of adolescents. This study aimed to verify the association between Oral Health-Related Quality of Life, malocclusion and self-perceived dental aesthetics in Brazilian adolescents.  Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted with a sample of 580 students between 12 and 15 years old. The oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) was evaluated using Child OIDP, malocclusion was determined by DAI, self-perceived dental aesthetics was evaluated using the OASIS, and IOTN-AC assessed the self-perceived orthodontic treatment need. The statistical analysis involved descriptive and inferential methods, such as Pearson’s chi-square test or Fisher’s exact test and multiple logistic regressions, with significance level of 5%.  Results: The prevalence of oral impact was high (73.4%), 49.1% presented malocclusion and 25.0% had a highly desirable orthodontic treatment need. Negative self-perception of dental aesthetics was observed in 50.0% of adolescents and 13.1% thought they needed orthodontic treatment. The impact on quality of life was associated to gender, self-perceived dental aesthetic (p<0.001), malocclusion + self-perceived dental aesthetic (p<0.001) and self-perceived orthodontic treatment need (p=0.045). The logistic regression results indicated that being female and having negative self-perception of dental aesthetics are directly involved in the quality of life of adolescents. Conclusion: Being female and having a negative self-perception of one’s dental aesthetics are risk factors for impacting negatively on oral health related quality of life.


Keywords


Self-perception, dental aesthetics, adolescents, orthodontics.

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.34117/bjdv6n10-742

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