Genotype characterization of pomegranate trees grown in Tabuleiro de Russas–CE / Caracterização de genótipos de romãzeira produzidos em Tabuleiro de Russas-CE

Elny Alves Onias, Railene Hérica Carlos Rocha Araújo, Ana Paula Nunes Ferreira, Agda Malany Forte de Oliveira, Albert Einstein Mathias Medeiros Teodosio, Diogenes Henrique Abrantes Sarmento, Kalinny Araújo Alves, Thais Batista de Queiroga

Abstract


The pomegranate (Punica granatum L.) is one of the most ancient fruits there is, characterized by its great variability of genotypes that differ between themselves in their physical and biochemical properties. Studying these characteristics allows us to evaluate these genotypes’ variability, as to identify those with features that are fit for use in commercial orchards. In this sense, the purpose hereof was to evaluate the variability in terms of physical-chemical properties of three pomegranate tree genotypes (CV8, CV12, and CVW) grown in the semiarid region to gather more knowledge about these fruits’ potential. The fruits employed were collected from an experimental orchard, located at Tabuleiro de Russas–CE, and transported to the lab, where they were selected, washed, and sanitized. An 18-fruit sampling of each genotype was employed for the characterization thereof as their quality physical-chemical features. The genotypes CV8 and CVW presented greater potential of peel and aril color in comparison with CV12; as for the external and internal appearance, the genotypes met the in natura pomegranate commercialization quality. The juice yield was greater in the genotypes CVW (28.3%) and CV8 (26.9%), which also presented the greatest levels of soluble solids—CVW, 13.2%, and CV8, 12.9%. As for the titratable acidity, all three genotypes presented levels under 1% of citric acid. The ascorbic acid and phenolic compounds were greater in the CV8 and CV12 genotypes. The pomegranate tree genotypes CV8 and CV12, produced in Tabuleiro de Russas–CE, presented the best physical-chemical features that meet the quality standard for the commercialization of in natura fruits.

 

 


Keywords


Punica granatum L, physical-chemical characterization, quality.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.34117/bjdv7n4-267

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