Biological activity and chemical composition of the ethanolic extracts of Miconia ferruginata DC. / Atividade biológica e composição química dos extratos etanólicos de Miconia ferruginata DC.

Poliana Ribeiro Barroso, Luiz Elídio Gregório, Kelly Cristina Kato, Fernanda Fraga Campos, Fabricio de Oliveira, Elaine Amaral Leite, Gustavo Eustáquio Brito Alvim de Melo, Helen Rodrigues Martins


Ethnopharmacological relevance: Miconia ferruginata DC. is a native plant from Brazilian Cerrado biome known as “pixirica” or “babatenã”, widely used in traditional medicine as an anti-inflammatory and antibiotic agent. Aim of the study: This study aimed to perform a preliminary analysis of the chemical profile and screening of biological activities of the ethanolic extracts of the leaves/flowers (EELF) and of the stem (EES) of this species. Materials and methods: The techniques Ultra-Fast Liquid Chromatography with diode-array detection (UFLC-DAD) and High-Performance Liquid Chromatography with diode-array detection and mass spectrometry (HPLC-DAD-MS) performed chemical analysis. Biological activities evaluated for the antibacterial, antitripanosamatides and antitumor effect through in vitro assays, by MTT and resazurin.

Results: Although the extracts showed a negligible result for antibacterial and antitripanosamatides effect, this species showed a high cytotoxicity against tumor cells (p< 0.001) of 4T1, A549 and? MDA-MB-231, associated with low cell toxicity against fibroblasts. High concentration of phenolic compounds detected in the extracts, especially flavonoids derivates from quercetin, catechins and phenolic acids. Conclusion: These phenolic compounds have a high biological potential and may be responsible for the observed cytoxicity, together the data suggest the M. ferruginata has a great potential for being one promising candidate for further studies against cancer.


phytochemistry, polyphenols, cancer, biological screening, traditional medicine Meso- and Southern America.


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