Estado nutricional, estilo de vida e consumo alimentar de estudantes de Nutrição de uma universidade pública / Nutritional status, lifestyle and food consumption of Nutrition students at a public university

Lílian Caroline de Souza e Silva, Dayana da Silva Dantas Menezes, Marília Tokiko Oliveira Tomiya, Alcides da Silva Diniz, Regiane Maio, Ilma Kruze Grande de Arruda, Poliana Coelho Cabral, Maria da Conceição Chaves de Lemos

Abstract


Objetivos: Avaliar o estado nutricional, estilo de vida e consumo alimentar de estudantes de Nutrição de uma universidade pública. Métodos: Estudo transversal, aninhado à uma coorte prospectiva, envolvendo 131 universitários, adultos, de ambos os sexos. Procedeu-se avaliação antropométrica e da composição corporal, além de coleta de informações referentes ao estilo de vida e consumo alimentar. Os dados foram analisados no programa SPSS versão 13.0 e Epi-Info versão 3.5.4, adotando-se um nível de significância de 5%. Resultados: O excesso de peso foi de 11,0% no sexo feminino e de 36,4% no masculino, segundo o índice de massa corporal e o excesso de gordura corporal de 9,2% e 18,2%, respectivamente. A inatividade física foi constatada em 56,5%, a ingestão de bebida alcoólica em 35,1% e o tabagismo em 3,1%. Observou-se um maior consumo alimentar de legumes no sexo feminino (p=0,026) e consumo superior de carne bovina frita (p=0,016) entre os homens. O consumo de carboidratos simples mostrou uma correlação negativa com o índice de massa corporal (rho=-0,37), com a circunferência da cintura (rho=-0,34) e com o percentual de gordura corporal (rho=-0,37), apenas no sexo feminino. Conclusão: Foram evidenciados valores expressivos de excesso de adiposidade corporal, além de predominância de inatividade física, e no sexo masculino, consumo alimentar de risco para doenças cardiovasculares, destacando a importância do acompanhamento desta população, com vistas à prevenção de agravos.


Keywords


Estado nutricional, composição corporal, estilo de vida, consumo alimentar, estudantes.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.34117/bjdv7n4-439

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