Analysis of motivation to practice physical activities: a systematic review / Análise da motivação para a prática de atividades físicas: uma revisão sistemática

Fernanda Gonçalves da Silva, Camila da Silva Santos, Luiz Carlos Bernardino Marçal, Marcos Vinicius Oliveira da Silva, Natália Torres de Andrade, José Augusto Evangelho Hernandes

Abstract


Fighting obesity has become a public health problem in recent decades due to its growth in the entire population and the comorbidities associated with weight gain. As ways to eradicate this pathology, in addition to being a protective factor, physical activity has stood out as one of the most effective interventions for interventions in cases of obesity. However, there is little adherence of that population to physical activity practices. In order to understand the motivations that impact this condition, this systematic review analyzed in the Scielo, BVS, Web of Science and PubMed databases in the period from 2016 to 2021, studies that point out the intrinsic and extrinsic reasons for adherence to the practice of physical activity . The results point to an increase in scientific production in 2017, with greater frequency in medical journals. As for motivation indicators, the data reveal that behavioral strategies were used as extrinsic motivators for adherence to physical activity, however the articles point to motivation in general, that is, not considering types or motivational factors, in addition to not investigating specific motivations in the obese population.


Keywords


Obesity, Physical Activity, Motivation.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.34117/bjdv7n10-364

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