Produtividade perdida atribuída a infecções respiratórias agudas na América do Sul: breve revisão da literatura / Productivity lost attributed to acute respiratory infections in South America: a brief literature review

Gabriela Bittencourt Gonzalez Mosegui, Fernando Antoñanzas Villar, Cid Manso de Mello Vianna

Abstract


As infecções agudas do trato respiratório (IATR) têm elevada morbimortalidade mundial, com importante perda de produtividade em países da América Latina e Caribe (ALC) e, em particular, da América do Sul (AS). Esta revisão não sistemática da literatura objetiva organizar os estudos sobre a estimativa da produtividade perdida devido a mortalidade por IATR em países da AS. Levantou-se publicações de 2012 a 2022 presentes no PubMed, Portal Regional da Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde (BVS) e no Science Direct. Identificou-se 10 estudos envolvendo custos das IATR em países da AL, que inclui o subcontinente sul-americano. Duas revisões sistemáticas foram recuperadas. Pneumonia, Influenza e outras infecções do trato superior e inferior foram abordadas em estudos que usaram modelos de simulação, Markov, e dados primários e secundários para o cálculo de custos diretos e indiretos relacionados a produtividade perdida. Outros desfechos encontrados relacionavam-se a dados epidemiológicos e clínicos, como duração da doença. São necessários mais estudos de qualidade sobre a temática, a fim de apoiar decisões sobre a alocação de recursos destinados ao planejamento de políticas e intervenções sanitárias, para sua prevenção.


Keywords


efeitos psicossociais da doença, infecções respiratórias, epidemiologia, américa do sul.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.34117/bjdv8n6-198