Neonatal care and the reproductive success of purebred dogs: challenges and goals / Os cuidados neonatais e o sucesso reprodutivo dos cães de raça pura: desafios e objectivos

Maria Eduarda Bicca Dode, Luciana Bicca Dode, Carine Dahl Corcini


There are over 400 dog breeds that differ in size, morphology, and fitness. The correct management of pure breed kennels is essential for reproductive success. This requires multiple approaches that help control risk factors both intrinsic and extrinsic to progenitors and pups. Essential stages precede conception. Additionally, the fetal-neonatal transition is a complex period requiring greater attention to the pups. Once these challenges have been overcome, the breeder and veterinarian must apply tools to reduce the morbidity and mortality of pups. These rates remain high, impacting animal welfare and breed conservation while also resulting in notable economic damage. In this review, we present risk factors and their impacts on the success of breeding and preserving purebred dogs. Moreover, we highlight the importance of monitoring pup health and growth throughout the neonatal period.


newborn, welfare, growth, kennel, APGAR, pup.


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