Complicações pulmonares em pacientes diabéticos com infecção por covid-19 / Pulmonary complications in diabetic patientes with covid-19 infection

Authors

  • Mateus Camargos Silva Alves Simão
  • Júlia Fraga Castro e Oliveira
  • Emanuela Carvalho Rodrigues
  • Fernanda Tavares de Oliveira
  • João Marcos Batista Gomes de Araujo
  • Julia Raquel Felipe Caldeira
  • Mariana Campos Martins
  • Nicolli Barreto Rosa Piontkowski
  • Túlio Esteves Tormin Botelho
  • Adriel Gustavo Lopes

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.34119/bjhrv4n2-051

Keywords:

Diabetes Mellitus, Infecção por Coronavirus, SARS-CoV, Complicações e Prognóstico.

Abstract

INTRODUÇÃO: A COVID-19 se tornou uma preocupação mundial de saúde pública devido à sua rápida disseminação, instalando uma pandemia. Vários estudos indicaram o Diabetes mellitus contribuindo com um risco aumentado para eventos pulmonares graves. O objetivo do artigo é discutir as complicações respiratórias presentes em pacientes diabéticos infectados pelo SARS-CoV-2. METODOLOGIA: Pesquisa bibliográfica realizada selecionando estudos publicados nos últimos cinco anos pelos bancos de dados PubMed, Scielo e BVS MS. RESULTADOS: Observou-se que pacientes diabéticos com COVID-19 têm mais chance de ter um envolvimento pulmonar  grave. Além disso, esses pacientes possuem maior probabilidade de desenvolver um quadro de pneumonia grave. DISCUSSÃO: Devido ao processo inflamatório generalizado, inerente a Diabetes Mellitus (DM), é necessário um manejo especial desses pacientes perante a uma infecção por SARS-CoV-2. Uma resposta imunológica já desencadeada pela DM, somada a tempestade de citocinas causada pelo vírus, ocasiona uma resposta tecidual deletéria sistêmica. CONCLUSÃO: Um protocolo de manejo para casos de SARS-CoV-2 em pacientes portadores de diabetes deve ser feito, devido à alta prevalência de complicações sistêmicas das duas anomalias  concomitantes.

 

 

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Published

2021-03-04

Issue

Section

Original Papers