Fisiopatologia, diagnóstico e tratamento do linfedema: revisão narrativa / Pathophysiology, diagnosis and treatment of lymphedema: narrative review

Authors

  • Mariana França Bandeira de Melo
  • Eduardo Carvalho Horta Barbosa
  • Conrado Carvalho Horta Barbosa
  • Janine Silva Pires Horta Barbosa
  • Patricia de Melo Faria Horta Barbosa

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.34119/bjhrv5n4-042

Keywords:

linfedema, microcirurgia, anastomose linfovenosa.

Abstract

Linfedema é uma condição clínica debilitante, incurável e progressiva, sendo resultado do acúmulo do fluido extracelular rico em proteína no espaço intersticial. A longo prazo, o acúmulo de linfa desencadeia um processo inflamatório crônico no membro acometido. Com a progressão da doença, os vasos linfáticos tornam-se sobrecarregados, gerando fibrose tecidual e diminuindo consideravelmente a funcionalidade do sistema. Considerando isto, a realização de tratamentos cirúrgicos que visam restabelecer a fisiologia linfática podem não provocar resultados satisfatórios. A implementação de técnicas de supermicro cirurgia amplia as possibilidades terapêuticas e permite a melhora da qualidade de vida de muitas pessoas. No entanto, faz-se necessário estudos longitudinais para melhor compreender a resposta terapêutica a longo prazo.

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Published

2022-07-12

Issue

Section

Original Papers