Desnutrição de peso normal em pacientes Cardiopatas hospitalizados / Malnutrition of normal weight in hospitalized Cardiopathy patients

Authors

  • Roberta Maria da Silva Lima
  • Camila Ferreira Leal Nunes
  • Jucicléia Nathália da Silva Mendes
  • Rayanne Maria da Silva Lima
  • Isa Galvão Rodrigues
  • Cláudia Porto Sabino Pinho
  • Gabriela Maria Pereira Floro Arcoverde

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.34117/bjdv8n6-332

Keywords:

cardiopatias, desnutrição, avaliação nutricional.

Abstract

Introdução: A desnutrição é frequente em pacientes cardiopatas hospitalizados e sua identificação precoce é crucial para instituir o tratamento nutricional adequado e prevenir seu agravo. A desnutrição é associada ao aumento da taxa de hospitalizações, maior prevalência de complicações, infecções e mortalidade. O índice de massa corporal é comumente utilizado para avaliação nutricional, porém, não é capaz de identificar a depleção de massa magra. Objetivos: Avaliar a prevalência de desnutrição de peso normal em pacientes cardiopatas internados em um hospital de referência cardiológica. Métodos: Estudo transversal e analítico, realizado com pacientes de ambos os sexos e idade maior ou igual a 20 anos. A avaliação do estado nutricional foi determinada pelo índice de massa corporal e bioimpedância elétrica. Classificou-se como desnutrição de peso normal os pacientes portadores de eutrofia pelo índice de massa corporal, associado a um baixo índice de massa muscular apendicular esquelética. Foi adotado um nível de significância de p<0,05. Resultados: A amostra foi constituída por 77 pacientes, com média de idade de 61,7 ± 13,8 anos, maior proporção do sexo feminino (55%) e idosos (62%). A prevalência de desnutrição de peso normal foi de 64%, apresentando associação significativa com a faixa etária (p=0,011) e tempo de escolaridade (p=0,021). Conclusão: A desnutrição de peso normal mostrou ser uma realidade entre pacientes cardiopatas, destacando-se a necessidade de adotar métodos de diagnóstico nutricional mais completos que auxiliem na avaliação da composição corporal e estado nutricional destes pacientes.

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Published

2022-06-24

How to Cite

Lima, R. M. da S., Nunes, C. F. L., Mendes, J. N. da S., Lima, R. M. da S., Rodrigues, I. G., Pinho, C. P. S., & Arcoverde, G. M. P. F. (2022). Desnutrição de peso normal em pacientes Cardiopatas hospitalizados / Malnutrition of normal weight in hospitalized Cardiopathy patients. Brazilian Journal of Development, 8(6), 47793–47806. https://doi.org/10.34117/bjdv8n6-332

Issue

Section

Original Papers